Speech-Language Pathology

Speech and language pathology (SLP) specializes in speech, language, swallowing and/or other cognitive-communication disorders.  The SLP department is an active part of the multidisciplinary treatment team and provides intervention where there is evidence of these disorders.  Speech-Language therapists utilize treatment modalities to help individuals achieve optimal levels of functioning and improve quality of life.

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Evaluation

Provided by ASHA certified and licensed speech-language pathologist and may address the following:

▪  Cognition, including attention, memory, organization, problem solving, sequencing,

executive functioning

▪  Swallowing and safe eating: bedside evaluation and/or modified barium swallow study

when appropriate

▪  Receptive and expressive language

▪  Social Communication

▪  Oral-peripheral examination of structures and function

▪  Speech: articulation and/or phonology, fluency & voice

▪  Hearing screening when appropriate

 

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Modified Barium Swallow Studies

 

Modified Barium Swallow Studies, (MBSS) completed in conjunction with the physician, evaluate the swallow of a patient with dysphagia, determine  presence or risk of aspiration, cause of aspiration, and assesses effectiveness of facilitation or compensatory techniques.  Recommendations regarding the safety of oral feeding and diet are made.

Therapeutic Treatment

Individual therapy may focus on one or more of the following areas:

▪  Cognitive Therapy 

May include basic orientation, attention training, use of compensatory tools for memory deficits, organization and planning skills, functional problem solving,  increase in awareness of Errors/deficits, and community reintegration.

▪  Language Therapy 

Addresses delayed language development or acquired language disorders with emphasis on increasing overall comprehension of language, ability to express or communicate needs, and the effective use of language during social interactions.

▪  Speech Therapy 

Addresses areas including dysarthria, apraxia, articulation and/or phonological disorders.  May also treat disorders of resonance, vocal quality, pitch, intensity, rate, fluency, and prosody of speech.

▪  Dysphagia Therapy

May include gustatory/thermal stimulation, use of deep pharyngeal neuromuscular stimulation, neuromuscular electrical stimulation, trial therapeutic feedings, compensatory swallowing techniques, and diet modifications.

▪  Augmentative Communication

May include the development of an alternate communication system such as gestures, signs, yes/no cards, picture boards, computerized system or speech generating device to enable the individual to express wants/needs and interact with others.

 


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