Speech and language pathology (SLP) specializes in speech, language, swallowing and/or other cognitive-communication disorders. The SLP department is an active part of the multidisciplinary treatment team and provides intervention where there is evidence of these disorders. Speech-Language therapists utilize treatment modalities to help individuals achieve optimal levels of functioning and improve quality of life.
Provided by ASHA certified and licensed speech-language pathologist and may address the following:
▪ Cognition, including attention, memory, organization, problem solving, sequencing,
▪ Swallowing and safe eating: bedside evaluation and/or modified barium swallow study
▪ Receptive and expressive language
▪ Social Communication
▪ Oral-peripheral examination of structures and function
▪ Speech: articulation and/or phonology, fluency & voice
▪ Hearing screening when appropriate
Modified Barium Swallow Studies
Modified Barium Swallow Studies, (MBSS) completed in conjunction with the physician, evaluate the swallow of a patient with dysphagia, determine presence or risk of aspiration, cause of aspiration, and assesses effectiveness of facilitation or compensatory techniques. Recommendations regarding the safety of oral feeding and diet are made.
Individual therapy may focus on one or more of the following areas:
▪ Cognitive Therapy
May include basic orientation, attention training, use of compensatory tools for memory deficits, organization and planning skills, functional problem solving, increase in awareness of Errors/deficits, and community reintegration.
▪ Language Therapy
Addresses delayed language development or acquired language disorders with emphasis on increasing overall comprehension of language, ability to express or communicate needs, and the effective use of language during social interactions.
▪ Speech Therapy
Addresses areas including dysarthria, apraxia, articulation and/or phonological disorders. May also treat disorders of resonance, vocal quality, pitch, intensity, rate, fluency, and prosody of speech.
▪ Dysphagia Therapy
May include gustatory/thermal stimulation, use of deep pharyngeal neuromuscular stimulation, neuromuscular electrical stimulation, trial therapeutic feedings, compensatory swallowing techniques, and diet modifications.
▪ Augmentative Communication
May include the development of an alternate communication system such as gestures, signs, yes/no cards, picture boards, computerized system or speech generating device to enable the individual to express wants/needs and interact with others.